image is everything. Not long ago, the mobile home evoked images of identical
trailers stacked in rows. What a difference a few years makes. Today's manufactured
homes are challenging the trailer park stigma. Thanks in part to quality control
standards passed in the 1970s, the old trailer park has gradually evolved into
the factory-built, luxury community of the year 2000, replete with attached garages,
vaulted ceilings, golf courses, and marinas.
Manufactured-home living is no longer a one-size-fits-all proposition. Developers
of these homes are taking advantage of lower building costs and recent buying
trends to reach a more affluent consumer. The new models range anywhere from nicely
appointed cottages to jumbo, ranch-style homes in the 2,500 square foot range.
Developers must be doing something right. Shipments of manufactured homes exceeded
375,000 in 1998, up from about 254,000 in 1993. That's about one quarter of all
new-construction homes sold.
Unlike a site-built home, a manufactured home
is built in a factory and transported by truck to the owner's property for installation.
There are three main advantages to keep in mind. First, they're generally cheaper,
as much as 40 percent lower than site-built homes. Second, a manufactured home
can be ready to move into sooner than a site-built home. Finally, from a quality
standpoint, a manufactured home has the added advantage of being built under controlled,
What's the catch? There are distinct drawbacks associated
with manufactured homes, as any developer can attest. Some communities have restrictive
zoning ordinances. Some jurisdictions actually prohibit manufactured housing while
others restrict size and appearance. That can be a problem if you're searching
around on your own for a home site, instead of moving into a developer's planned
Furthermore, just as site-built homes aren't perfect because they're
"new," a manufactured home isn't perfect just because it was built in a factory.
You'll need to check the manufacturer's warranty carefully for what it does and
does not cover. In addition, you must make sure your installation goes "without
a hitch." Although the Department of Housing and Urban Development regulates the
design and manufacture of these homes, installation is a different matter. Careless
transportation or improper installation can damage a manufactured home, or cause
systems to work improperly.
By Cliff McCreedy